Depression And Diabetes Type 2 Pdf

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Depression is a common co-morbidity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM. Untreated depression in these patients adversely affects self-care activities and other diabetes complications.

Depression in people with type 2 diabetes: current perspectives

Some studies show that having diabetes doubles your risk of developing depression. If diabetes-related health problems emerge, your risk for depression can increase even further. It remains unclear exactly why this is. Keep reading for more on the connection between diabetes and depression, as well as information on diagnosis, treatment, and more. For example, damage resulting from diabetic neuropathy or blocked blood vessels in the brain may contribute to the development of depression in people with diabetes.

Conversely, changes in the brain due to depression may cause an increased risk for complications. Studies have shown that people with depression are at higher risk for diabetes complications, but is has been difficult to determine which causes which. Symptoms of depression can make it more difficult to successfully manage diabetes and prevent diabetes-related complications. A study found that people who have type 2 diabetes and experience symptoms of depression often have higher blood sugar levels.

Additionally, the results of a separate study suggest that people who have both conditions are 82 percent more likely to experience a heart attack. Just trying to cope with and properly manage a chronic disease like diabetes can feel overwhelming for some. Poor diabetes management can also prompt symptoms similar to those of depression. For example, if your blood sugar is too high or too low, you may experience increased feelings of anxiety, restlessness, or low energy. Low blood sugar levels can also cause you to feel shaky and sweaty, which are symptoms similar to anxiety.

They can help you determine if depression is causing your symptoms and make a diagnosis, if needed. They can also work with you to develop a treatment plan that best suits your needs. This may ultimately result in difficulty managing the disease. It seems likely that both diseases are caused and affected by the same risk factors. They include:. However, it may be that your depression is making it more difficult for you to manage your diabetes physically as well and mentally and emotionally.

Depression can affect all levels of self-care. In turn, this can lead to poor blood sugar control. They can determine whether your symptoms are the result of poor diabetes management, depression, or tied to another health concern. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will first assess your medical profile. If you have a family history of depression, be sure to let your doctor know at this time.

Your doctor will then conduct a psychological evaluation to learn more about your symptoms, thoughts, behaviors, and other related factors.

They may also perform a physical exam. In some cases, your doctor may do a blood test to rule out other underlying medical concerns, such as problems with your thyroid. Depression is typically treated through a combination of medication and therapy. Certain lifestyle changes may also help relieve your symptoms and promote overall wellness. There are many types of antidepressant medications.

These medications can help relieve any symptoms of depression or anxiety that may be present. Be sure to discuss the potential side effects of any medication your doctor recommends.

Some medications may have more severe side effects. Also known as talk therapy, psychotherapy can be effective for managing or reducing your symptoms of depression. There are several forms of psychotherapy available, including cognitive behavior therapy and interpersonal therapy. Your doctor can work with you to determine which option best suits your needs. If your depression is severe, your doctor may recommend that you participate in an outpatient treatment program until your symptoms improve.

These include serotonin and endorphins. Additionally, this activity triggers the growth of new brain cells in the same manner as antidepressant medications. Physical activity can also assist in diabetes management by decreasing your weight and blood sugar levels and increasing your energy and stamina.

Talking to your doctor about this and making sure to follow up on any treatments they recommend is crucial. Depression is a serious medical condition, and it needs to be treated as such. There are groups available online and in person that can also help you explore the best treatment options available, which you can then discuss with your doctor.

Recognizing your risk for depression is the first step to getting treatment. First, discuss your situation and symptoms with your doctor. They can work with you to make a diagnosis, if necessary, and develop a treatment plan appropriate for you.

Treatment usually involves psychotherapy and some form of antidepressant medication. Metformin is a prescription drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It can also be used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. Pregnancy affects your blood sugar and may increase your risk for hypoglycemia. We explain this connection and how to manage and prevent your symptoms.

The foods you eat can have a major impact on diabetes and blood sugar levels. Here are 16 foods to get you on your way to managing diabetes. Though the exact causes are unknown, the obesity epidemic is one likely culprit. During American Diabetes Month, Healthline helps facilitate some important conversations for those living with diabetes.

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What the research says. Are the symptoms of depression different for people with diabetes? What causes depression in people with diabetes? Diagnosing depression in people with diabetes.

How to treat depression. Coping with diabetes and depression. Q: How can I cope if I have diabetes and depression? What should I do? Anonymous patient. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Lindsay Slowiczek, Pharm. The 16 Best Foods to Control Diabetes. Medically reviewed by Ann Marie Griff, O. Medically reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.

Diabetes and depression. A study

This paper aims to investigate the potential relationship between depression, diabetes knowledge and self-care management with quality of life in diabetic patients. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on diabetic patients in Tabriz, Iran in Quality of life was assessed by a validated questionnaire. The Persian version of the Beck Aeron questionnaire was used to assess the depression status. Knowledge and self-care management was evaluated by the health belief model questionnaire.

NCBI Bookshelf. Endotext [Internet]. In people with diabetes the comorbidity with depression is associated with micro- and macrovascular complications and increased mortality. Health-related quality of life is often reduced, and the adherence to treatment is generally low. Screening and diagnostic tools for depression are widely available. However, their use is only effective if subsequent treatment pathways are provided, which is often not the case. Regarding the amelioration of glycemic control, the treatment results are heterogeneous, indicating a slight improvement by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and contradictory evidence for psychological interventions.

Some studies show that having diabetes doubles your risk of developing depression. If diabetes-related health problems emerge, your risk for depression can increase even further. It remains unclear exactly why this is. Keep reading for more on the connection between diabetes and depression, as well as information on diagnosis, treatment, and more. For example, damage resulting from diabetic neuropathy or blocked blood vessels in the brain may contribute to the development of depression in people with diabetes.

Scores can range from 0 to 60 with higher scores indicating the presence of more depressive symptoms, and a cutoff of 16 or greater is suggested.

Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Depression? Know the Facts

Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem which accounts for serious medical and economic consequences. Depression is an important associated condition that upsets the management and complications of diabetes. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of depression among people living with Type 2 Diabetes and to examine the factors linked with it.

Diabetes and depression. A study

Background: Diabetes and depression are highly prevalent chronic conditions that have significant impact on health outcomes. This study tested and examined the effects and the connection between diabetes and enhancing the risk of depression, undoubtedly the relation is there, several studies suggest that diabetes doubles the risk of depression. Additionally, the emergence of diabetes-related health problems increases depression risk furthermore, and the reason behind this correlation is still unknown. Correspondingly, diabetes' metabolic effects on brain function in addition to the toll day-to-day management can take are suggested by some researchers to be the cause. In a context of the potential epidemic nature of both diabetes mellitus and depression, and the negative effects reported in cases of comorbidity, this review suggests that the association of the two conditions is multifaceted. Community studies reported increased risks of prevalent depression and incident depression among diabetic patients. In fact, the finding that supports psychosomatic hypotheses regarding the increased risk of diabetes among depressed patients is more consistent.

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 - Это зависит от оперативности, с которой ARA пересылает почту. Если адресат находится в Штатах и пользуется такими провайдерами, как Америка онлайн или Компьюсерв, я отслежу его кредитную карточку и получу его учетную запись в течение часа. Если он использует адрес университета или корпорации, времени уйдет немного.  - Она через силу улыбнулась.  - Остальное будет зависеть от. Сьюзан знала, что остальное - это штурмовая группа АНБ, которая, перерезав электрические провода, ворвется в дом с автоматами, заряженными резиновыми пулями.

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 - Вводите ключ и кончайте со всем. Джабба вздохнул. На сей раз голос его прозвучал с несвойственным ему спокойствием: - Директор, если мы введем неверный ключ… - Верно, - прервала его Сьюзан.

Затуманенные глаза Беккера не отрываясь смотрели на торчащий из двери кусок ткани. Он рванулся, вытянув вперед руки, к этой заветной щели, из которой торчал красный хвост сумки, и упал вперед, но его вытянутая рука не достала до. Ему не хватило лишь нескольких сантиметров. Пальцы Беккера схватили воздух, а дверь повернулась.

Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Depression? Know the Facts

Сьюзан шла вперед, повторяя это имя, ее глаза неотрывно смотрели на экран. - Дэвид! - воскликнула она, еле держась на ногах.  - О, Дэвид… как они могли… Фонтейн растерялся: - Вы знаете этого человека. Сьюзан застыла в полутора метрах от экрана, ошеломленная увиденным, и все называла имя человека, которого любила. ГЛАВА 115 В голове Дэвида Беккера была бесконечная пустота.

Я не надеялся что-либо найти, но наткнулся на учетную запись абонента.  - Он выдержал паузу.  - Я, конечно, предположил, что это не та Северная Дакота, которую мы ищем, но на всякий случай проверил эту запись. Представь себе мое изумление, когда я обнаружил множество сообщений Энсея Танкадо.  - Стратмор приподнял брови.

Беккер поспешил переменить тему: - У вас на голове огромная шишка. Больно. - Да нет вообще-то.