Decision Usefulness Theory And Fair Value Accounting Pdf

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Why “Fair Value” Is the Rule

This monograph provides a historically informed discussion of conceptual and procedural issues related to the use of the fair value measurement attribute in financial reporting. We begin by defining, addressing misconceptions about, and providing a brief history of, the fair value measurement attribute. We next discuss decision usefulness of fair value and other measurement bases, and describe and evaluate examples of empirical research that documents the decision usefulness of recognized and disclosed fair value information, focusing on predictive ability, value relevance and risk relevance. We also discuss the role of verifiability in the context of relevant and faithfully represented accounting information; describe three untested, verifiability-related maintained assumptions that arise in discussions of fair-value-measurement research; and discuss research designs for investigating questions related to accounting measurement verifiability. Finally, we discuss claims that use of the fair value measurement attribute causes procyclical behavior among financial institutions and that accounting standards have become increasingly fair-value-oriented during the last two decades.

This structured literature review of 48 archival-based studies investigates the influence of fair value measurements on earnings quality and stresses the moderating impact of corporate governance. We focus on accounting-based earnings quality measures that have several advantages for investigating agency-related earnings management behavior compared to market-based measures e. Fair value measurements are not restricted to specific industries, periods, circumstances, or items in our sample. We indicate three key findings: first, fair value measurements show mixed earnings quality; second, lower-level fair value measurements decrease earnings quality; and third, corporate governance measures enhance earnings quality. After that, we deduce six research questions for future research. We show possible extensions to previous research designs in methodology and settings.

Fair value accounting implementation challenges in South Africa

Conducting an experiment Theresa Herrmann investigates why nonprofessional investors fail to incorporate disclosures on fair value estimates into their investment decision and what causes this exclusion. Differentiating between different types of disclosures and the development of the fair value gain vs. When a fair value loss occurs, fair value disclosures presented in a salient presentation format decrease decision usefulness. Theresa Herrmann completed her doctoral study under the supervision of Prof. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents.

Why “Fair Value” Is the Rule

Due to the complexity of modern financial instruments, accurate valuation can prove difficult even in optimal market conditions. Traditionally International Financial Reporting Standards IFRS have allowed securities to be valued based on their historical cost, which results in financial instruments being held on the books at the initial cost paid, until the point at which they are sold. However, this practice may be viewed as problematic when the market value of the financial instrument has not appreciated. Furthermore, market valuation becomes even more difficult to substantiate in illiquid markets, as it may oftentimes be difficult to secure a buyer at any price.

The philosophy of accounting is the conceptual framework for the professional preparation and auditing of financial statements and accounts. The issues which arise include the difficulty of establishing a true and fair value of an enterprise and its assets ; the moral basis of disclosure and discretion; the standards and laws required to satisfy the political needs of investors , employees and other stakeholders. The discipline of accounting insists that transparency is achievable. Fairness has an important role in the practice of accounting.

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The objective of this research is to explore the challenges being encountered when applying and implementing fair value accounting requirements, focusing specifically on the determination of fair value per International Financial Reporting Standards IFRS Fair value measurement IFRS 13 in the South African capital market. Data are collected from 20 detailed interviews, primarily with preparers and interpretively analysed to identify how individuals internalise the requirements of IFRS 13 and the challenges associated with its application.

Fair Value Measurement in Financial Reporting

Accounting Horizons 1 March ; 29 1 : — This paper illustrates that, despite their general agreement on the decision-usefulness objective of general purpose financial reporting, the Accounting Standard Board of Japan ASBJ and the International Accounting Standards Board IASB 's conceptual frameworks are based on two different concepts of financial performance. By identifying and contrasting the two financial performance concepts and their impact on the rest of the frameworks and by explaining the thinking that underpins the ASBJ's chosen financial performance concept, it contributes to a debate about the role of financial performance concepts in fulfilling the decision-usefulness objective. Such a debate is pertinent to the revision of the IASB's Conceptual Framework, which is scheduled for completion in

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However, the reliability gap when it comes to the fair value concept contributes to the current situation in accounting theory and practice, which is.


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The Decision Usefulness of Additional Fair Value Disclosures
2 Response
  1. Freddie B.

    As the membership of the Financial Accounting Standards Board has shifted to include more people from the financial services industry, research suggests that fair value accounting has rapidly risen in popularity.

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