File Name: dictionary of theories laws and concepts in psychology .zip
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior, according to the American Psychological Association. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes.
- Dictionary of Theories, Laws, and Concepts in Psychology
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- Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories
A hypothesis is an assumption, an idea that is proposed for the sake of argument so that it can be tested to see if it might be true. In the scientific method, the hypothesis is constructed before any applicable research has been done, apart from a basic background review. You ask a question, read up on what has been studied before, and then form a hypothesis. A hypothesis is usually tentative; it's an assumption or suggestion made strictly for the objective of being tested. A theory , in contrast, is a principle that has been formed as an attempt to explain things that have already been substantiated by data.
Dictionary of Theories, Laws, and Concepts in Psychology
Scientists are engaged in explaining and understanding how the world around them works, and they are able to do so by coming up with theories that generate hypotheses that are testable and falsifiable. Theories that stand up to their tests are retained and refined, while those that do not are discarded or modified. In this way, research enables scientists to separate fact from simple opinion. Having good information generated from research aids in making wise decisions both in public policy and in our personal lives. Figure 1. Some of our ancestors, across the world and over the centuries, believed that trephination—the practice of making a hole in the skull, as shown here—allowed evil spirits to leave the body, thus curing mental illness and other disorders.
The concept of folk psychology has played a significant role in philosophy of mind and cognitive science over the last half century. According to many philosophers and cognitive scientists, the set of cognitive capacities identified above are underpinned by folk psychology in this second sense. On this view, folk psychology is a psychological theory constituted by the platitudes about the mind ordinary people are inclined to endorse. It gained wide usage during the s and is rarely used outside philosophy. The members of this set of cognitive capacities are almost always assumed to be closely related, perhaps in virtue of their being produced by a single underlying cognitive mechanism. To a first approximation the set consists of—.
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Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena linked to those emergent properties, joining this way the broader neuro-scientific group of researchers. As a social science, it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.
Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories
The Psychology department has recently updated the Psychology Major and Concentration requirements for students entering Fall or later. In psychology, the two main types of motivation are intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation 1. The word motivation is coined from the Latin word "movere", which means to move. These people like to push and challenge themselves. Development of Academic Motivation Children are naturally motivated to learn when they are infants.
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Во рту у него был фонарик в виде авторучки, в руке - паяльник, а на животе лежала большая схема компьютера. Он только что установил новый комплект аттенюаторов на неисправную материнскую плату, когда внезапно ожил его мобильный. - Проклятие! - выругался он, потянувшись к телефону сквозь сплетение проводов. - Джабба слушает.
Его, пожалуй, могли бы спасти в стране с высокоразвитой медициной, но в Испании у него нет никаких шансов. Два человека…. И вот Халохот уже за спиной жертвы.
Комната в отеле Альфонсо XIII. Тучный немец, помахавший у него под носом рукой и сказавший на ломаном английском: Проваливай и умри. - С вами все в порядке? - спросила девушка, заметив, что он переменился в лице.