Theories Of Law And Schools Of Jurisprudence Pdf

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There are different schools or philosophies concerning what law is all about. Philosophy of law is also called jurisprudence , and the two main schools are legal positivism and natural law. Although there are others, these two are the most influential in how people think about the law. Positivism is a philosophical movement that claims that science provides the only knowledge precise enough to be worthwhile.

natural law school of jurisprudence notes pdf

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SCHOOLS OF WESTERN JURISPRUDENCE

Different legal theories developed throughout societies. Though there are a number of theories, only four of them are dealt with here under. You may deal other theories in detail in your course on jurisprudence. Natural law theory is the earliest of all theories. In their studies of the relation between nature and society, these philosophers have arrived at the conclusion that there are two types of law that govern social relations.


These viewpoints are what are known as the theories of law or schools of jurisprudence. Among these, natural law, legal positivism, realist.


Schools of Jurisprudence

Thus the term jurisprudence signifies knowledge of law and its application. Jurisprudence means the interpretation of the general principles based on which actual rules of law are recognised. Jurisprudence is concerned with the rules of external conduct which people are forced to obey. Some of the notable definitions of jurisprudence as expounded by jurists are as follow:. As per H.

Jurisprudence , or legal theory , is the theoretical study of law. Scholars of jurisprudence seek to explain the nature of law in its most general form and provide a deeper understanding of legal reasoning , legal systems , legal institutions , and the role of law in society. Modern jurisprudence began in the 18th century and was focused on the first principles of natural law , civil law , and the law of nations. Contemporary philosophy of law , which deals with general jurisprudence, addresses problems internal to law and legal systems and problems of law as a social institution that relates to the larger political and social context in which it exists. This article addresses three distinct branches of thought in general jurisprudence.

There are basically five schools of jurisprudence. We will discuss these schools along with their leading jurists. The philosophical or ethical school concerns itself chiefly with the relation of law to certain ideals which law is meant to achieve. It seeks to investigate the purpose for which a particular law has been enacted.

Types of Legal Theory

Jurisprudence

As it deals with the study, theory, and understanding of the law, American jurisprudence refers to the act of scrutinizing, classifying, and explaining the law. To explore this concept, consider the following jurisprudence definition. Jurisprudence in the U. The analytical branch of American jurisprudence analyzes the law, defining terms and putting ideas into words on paper. Analysts of jurisprudence critique entire bodies of law in an attempt to bring a consistent, logical order to the legal system.

The study of the conception of legal rights and duties. The philosophical or ethical school concerns itself chiefly with the relation of law to certain ideals which law is meant to achieve. It is not concerned with its historical or intellectual content.

One barrier to greater dialogue and understanding within jurisprudence is the inability to appreciate the variety of forms and purposes among the different theories of or about the nature of law. Legal theorists are frequently to blame for the confusion about methodological issues, as they are often not as clear as they might be regarding the nature of claims they are making e. This entry attempts to offer a rough overview of the types and purposes of legal theory.

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