File Name: positive and negative effects of motivation on sports performance .zip
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- Youth sport: positive and negative impact on young athletes
- How Anxiety Affects Sports Performance
- Positive and Negative
Organized youth sports are highly popular for youth and their families, with approximately 45 million children and adolescent participants in the US. Seventy five percent of American families with school-aged children have at least one child participating in organized sports. On the surface, it appears that US children are healthy and happy as they engage in this traditional pastime, and families report higher levels of satisfaction if their children participate. However, statistics demonstrate a childhood obesity epidemic, with one of three children now being overweight, with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle for most children and teenagers.
Youth sport: positive and negative impact on young athletes
Positive motivation relies on continual self reinforcement and reinforcement by the coach, family, friends, spectators and media. These relationships can have a huge effect on how motivated an athlete is before a competition. To maintain high levels of positive motivation, coaches need to continually use positive motivation techniques. The following are a number of positive techniques a coach can use to motivate their athletes:. Unfortunately, many coaches attempt to motivate their athletes by the use of fear, threats, criticism, and intimidation to motivate their athletes. The problem with these methods is that although they can be effective in the short term, they naturally backfire on a coach in the long term Weinberg and Gould, These are some approaches that coaches have tried using negative motivation to motivate their athletes:.
How Anxiety Affects Sports Performance
Anxiety can be a crippling condition which leaves many of us feeling tired and hopeless. There is a fine line between depression and anxiety, and both conditions can have a major impact on our day to day lives. If someone is suffering from anxiety, they often find themselves fixating on the negatives without noticing the positives. This can lead to a vicious cycle, where fearing failure becomes a downward spiral. It can cause you to go so far as to give up or avoid taking part in sports, purely to minimise the chance of losing or underperforming. This, in turn, leads to a lack of motivation and can prevent someone from taking part in sports altogether.
have been reported within several different sports including golf (Johnson performance (left side); (3) adversity coping strategies athletes use to handle negative content of positive self-talk and motivational self-talk in many cases is.
Positive and Negative
The study used a cross-sectional design based on self-determination theory SDT. These results show the influence of the coach on the motivation and resilience of sportspeople. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Even better, changing your attitude towards training and competition can significantly enhance motivation. Motivation is an internal energy force that determines all aspects of our behaviour; it also impacts on how we think, feel and interact with others. In sport, high motivation is widely accepted as an essential prerequisite in getting athletes to fulfil their potential. However, given its inherently abstract nature, it is a force that is often difficult to exploit fully. What is it that makes individuals like the year-old sprinter Merlene Ottey, who competed in her seventh Olympics in Athens , churn out outstanding performances year in, year out?
Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from many related fields including biomechanics , physiology , kinesiology and psychology. It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors. Also closely associated with Sports psychiatry. In its formation, sport psychology was primarily the domain of physical educators, not researchers, which can explain the lack of a consistent history. The birth of sport psychology in Europe happened largely in Germany.
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