Characteristics Of Open And Distance Learning Pdf

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Student characteristics and knowledge on ODL concepts at first registration: A case study from OUSL

To print the story please do so via the link in the story toolbar. Distance learning is a popular trend, which incorporates the use of technology. It is changing the way education is viewed. Although distance learning presents its challenges, it has provides an opportunity for many non-traditional students to receive a high-quality education. Distance learning is a non-traditional educational method, which offers online courses through the use of technology. Students and professors communicate electronically through email or online communities. It first became recognized in when the University of Chicago created the first college-level distance learning program Casey,

Distance education , also called distance learning , is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school. Today, it involves online education. A distance learning program can be completely distance learning, or a combination of distance learning and traditional classroom instruction called hybrid [3] or blended. One of the earliest attempts was advertised in This was in the Boston Gazette for "Caleb Philipps, Teacher of the new method of Short Hand ", who sought students who wanted to learn through weekly mailed lessons. The first distance education course in the modern sense was provided by Sir Isaac Pitman in the s, who taught a system of shorthand by mailing texts transcribed into shorthand on postcards and receiving transcriptions from his students in return for correction. The element of student feedback was a crucial innovation in Pitman's system.

Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

The mixed-media is in use for the courseware- such as radio and television, video, print, audio cassette, telecommunications and computer-based learning and for pre-tested and up-to-date before use. Four characteristics distinguish distance learning. The next major advancement in educational technology came with the linking of computers through the Internet, which enabled the development of modern distance learning. For example, the Chautauqua Lake Sunday School Assembly in western New York state began in as a program for training Sunday school teachers and church workers. The ODL it has two learning instruction such as synchronous and asynchronous. These theories led to different techniques for the use of media in the classroom, with behaviourism concentrating on altering student behaviour and constructivism focusing on process- and experience-based learning.

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The surveying technique was adapted with a piloted structured questionnaire consisting of two components. The structured component was used to evaluate personal, socio-economic and demographic data. Data collected from the structured component were frequency tabulated and cross-tabulated with the SPSS computer software. Responses of the open ended part were examined, categorized and the frequency percentages of each response category were calculated. The structured component recognized that the majority of BSc undergraduates of the OUSL represent employed 53 percent , late adolescents 92 percent below age 27 who reside in rural or semi-urban areas 75 percent. Approximately 50 percent of respondents perceived OUSL as an institute which facilitates working people by conducting part time-based or distance mode education with self-learning features.


follows: • The definitions section focuses on the six features common to most definitions of open and distance learning. You may want to reword these definitions.


Distance education

The concept of open and distance learning has the following characteristics [1] :. Log in. Page Discussion View source History.

Distance Education. Africa became independent during the first decade of the second half of the 20thcentury as most countries making it up established their own governments and opened diplomatic missions in foreign lands for the first time, in the s. With independence arose fundamental preoccupations and primary concerns; these preoccupations and concerns were those addressing issues of the development of the newly independent nations and the search for appropriate instruments that were to be used in bringing about this development.

Are open-minded about sharing life, work, and educational experiences as part of the learning process. The online process requires students to utilize their experiences. Are able to communicate through writing.

Distance learning , also called distance education, e-learning , and online learning , form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Distance learning traditionally has focused on nontraditional students, such as full-time workers, military personnel, and nonresidents or individuals in remote regions who are unable to attend classroom lectures. However, distance learning has become an established part of the educational world, with trends pointing to ongoing growth. An increasing number of universities provide distance learning opportunities.

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  1. Lucille L.

    PDF | Faced with the great changes occurring in the workplace as well as the challenges placed by the Information Society and by Key words: Learners Characteristics, Distance Education Guidelines: Using Open and Distance Learning.

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