File Name: william wordsworth and coleridge as romantic poets .zip
Coleridge along with Wordsworth is the pioneer of romantic poetry.
- S. T. Coleridge as Romantic Poet
- Coleridge and Wordsworth
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Contrast to William Wordsworth
- Romantic Poetry.pdf
S. T. Coleridge as Romantic Poet
It covers a range of developments in art, literature, music and philosophy, spanning the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In England, the Romantic poets were at the very heart of this movement. They were inspired by a desire for liberty, and they denounced the exploitation of the poor. There was an emphasis on the importance of the individual; a conviction that people should follow ideals rather than imposed conventions and rules.
The Romantics renounced the rationalism and order associated with the preceding Enlightenment era, stressing the importance of expressing authentic personal feelings.
They had a real sense of responsibility to their fellow men: they felt it was their duty to use their poetry to inform and inspire others, and to change society.
This was a time of physical confrontation; of violent rebellion in parts of Europe and the New World. Conscious of anarchy across the English Channel, the British government feared similar outbreaks. The early Romantic poets tended to be supporters of the French Revolution, hoping that it would bring about political change; however, the bloody Reign of Terror shocked them profoundly and affected their views.
In his youth William Wordsworth was drawn to the Republican cause in France, until he gradually became disenchanted with the Revolutionaries. Depiction of the storming of the Bastille, Paris - the event that triggered the French Revolution. The Romantics were not in agreement about everything they said and did: far from it!
Nevertheless, certain key ideas dominated their writings. They genuinely thought that they were prophetic figures who could interpret reality. The Romantics highlighted the healing power of the imagination, because they truly believed that it could enable people to transcend their troubles and their circumstances.
Their creative talents could illuminate and transform the world into a coherent vision, to regenerate mankind spiritually. This might sound somewhat pretentious, but it serves to convey the faith the Romantics had in their poetry. An avowedly political poem, it praises the non-violence of the Manchester protesters when faced with the aggression of the state. Usage terms Public Domain. Wordsworth was concerned about the elitism of earlier poets, whose highbrow language and subject matter were neither readily accessible nor particularly relevant to ordinary people.
Blake was radical in his political views, frequently addressing social issues in his poems and expressing his concerns about the monarchy and the church. Blake emphasises the injustice of late 18th-century society and the desperation of the poor. He kept detailed notes of the landscape around him, drawing rough sketches and maps.
These notes and sketches are in Notebook No 2, one of 64 notebooks Coleridge kept between and his death. A key idea in Romantic poetry is the concept of the sublime. This term conveys the feelings people experience when they see awesome landscapes, or find themselves in extreme situations which elicit both fear and admiration. The work had a profound influence on the Romantic poets. Blake, Wordsworth and Coleridge were first-generation Romantics, writing against a backdrop of war.
Although the Romantics stressed the importance of the individual, they also advocated a commitment to mankind. Byron became actively involved in the struggles for Italian nationalism and the liberation of Greece from Ottoman rule.
Notorious for his sexual exploits, and dogged by debt and scandal, Byron quitted Britain in He antagonised the Establishment further by his criticism of the monarchy, and by his immoral lifestyle. In this letter to his publisher, John Murray, Byron notes the poor reception of the first two cantos of Don Juan , but states that he has written a hundred stanzas of a third canto. He also states that he is leaving his memoirs to his friend George Moore, to be read after his death, but that this text does not include details of his love affairs.
Female poets also contributed to the Romantic movement, but their strategies tended to be more subtle and less controversial. Although Dorothy Wordsworth was modest about her writing abilities, she produced poems of her own; and her journals and travel narratives certainly provided inspiration for her brother.
Women were generally limited in their prospects, and many found themselves confined to the domestic sphere; nevertheless, they did manage to express or intimate their concerns.
For example, Mary Alcock c. Reaction against the Enlightenment was reflected in the rise of the Gothic novel. Her fiction held particular appeal for frustrated middle-class women who experienced a vicarious frisson of excitement when they read about heroines venturing into awe-inspiring landscapes.
Mary Shelley blended realist, Gothic and Romantic elements to produce her masterpiece Frankenstein , in which a number of Romantic aspects can be identified.
In the third chapter Frankenstein refers to his scientific endeavours being driven by his imagination. The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe was one of the most popular and influential Gothic novels of the late 18th century.
Romanticism set a trend for some literary stereotypes. Byron died young, in , after contracting a fever. Romanticism offered a new way of looking at the world, prioritising imagination above reason. William Blake was deeply critical of traditional religion but greatly admired John Milton.
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell includes references to Milton and Paradise Lost and the book ends with 'A Song of Liberty', which calls for revolt against the tyrannies of church and state. Keats thought in terms of an opposition between the imagination and the intellect. Keats suggested that it is impossible for us to find answers to the eternal questions we all have about human existence.
Life involves a delicate balance between times of pleasure and pain. The premature deaths of Byron, Shelley and Keats contributed to their mystique. As time passed they attained iconic status, inspiring others to make their voices heard. The Romantic poets continue to exert a powerful influence on popular culture.
Generations have been inspired by their promotion of self-expression, emotional intensity, personal freedom and social concern. Reiman and Sharon B. Powers New York; London: Norton, c. Dr Stephanie Forward is a lecturer, specializing in English Literature. Stephanie has an extensive publications record. Blenheim Palace: The Churchills and their Palace. The text in this article is available under the Creative Commons License.
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The Romantics. Dr Stephanie Forward explains the key ideas and influences of Romanticism, and considers their place in the work of writers including Wordsworth, Blake, P B Shelley and Keats. Painting of the storming of the Bastille, Depiction of the storming of the Bastille, Paris - the event that triggered the French Revolution. The imagination The Romantics were not in agreement about everything they said and did: far from it!
The marginalised and oppressed Wordsworth was concerned about the elitism of earlier poets, whose highbrow language and subject matter were neither readily accessible nor particularly relevant to ordinary people. Children, nature and the sublime For the world to be regenerated, the Romantics said that it was necessary to start all over again with a childlike perspective.
They believed that children were special because they were innocent and uncorrupted, enjoying a precious affinity with nature. Romantic verse was suffused with reverence for the natural world.
The Romantics were inspired by the environment, and encouraged people to venture into new territories — both literally and metaphorically. In their writings they made the world seem a place with infinite, unlimited potential. The second-generation Romantics Blake, Wordsworth and Coleridge were first-generation Romantics, writing against a backdrop of war.
Letter from Lord Byron about his memoirs, 29 October In this letter to his publisher, John Murray, Byron notes the poor reception of the first two cantos of Don Juan , but states that he has written a hundred stanzas of a third canto. Female poets Female poets also contributed to the Romantic movement, but their strategies tended to be more subtle and less controversial.
The Gothic Reaction against the Enlightenment was reflected in the rise of the Gothic novel. The Mysteries of Udolpho The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe was one of the most popular and influential Gothic novels of the late 18th century. The Byronic hero Romanticism set a trend for some literary stereotypes. Contraries Romanticism offered a new way of looking at the world, prioritising imagination above reason.
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Coleridge and Wordsworth
William Wordsworth was one of the founders of English Romanticism and one its most central figures and important intellects. He is remembered as a poet of spiritual and epistemological speculation, a poet concerned with the human relationship to nature and a fierce advocate of using the vocabulary and speech patterns of common people in poetry. The son of John and Ann Cookson Wordsworth, William Wordworth was born on April 7, in Cockermouth, Cumberland, located in the Lake District of England: an area that would become closely associated with Wordsworth for over two centuries after his death. He began writing poetry as a young boy in grammar school, and before graduating from college he went on a walking tour of Europe, which deepened his love for nature and his sympathy for the common man: both major themes in his poetry. The Wordsworth children seem to have lived in a sort of rural paradise along the Derwent River, which ran past the terraced garden below the ample house whose tenancy John Wordsworth had obtained from his employer, the political magnate and property owner Sir James Lowther, Baronet of Lowther later Earl of Lonsdale. The intense lifelong friendship between William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy probably began when they, along with Mary Hutchinson, attended school at Penrith. This childhood idyll was not to continue, however.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Contrast to William Wordsworth
Coleridge, among which, one of his best known works: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner. A second edition was published in with the famous Preface written by W. His close relationship with his sister Dorothy and his friendship with Samuel T. Coleridge were crucial for Wordsworth poetical growth and development.
In a chance meeting that would change the course of poetic history, Samuel Taylor Coleridge made the acquaintance of William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy, in Somerset in The two became immediate friends. Upon meeting Wordsworth, Coleridge decided to move to Grasmere to be in close proximity to his fellow poet. In , the two poets joined together to publish the first edition of Lyrical Ballads, a collection of poems that is considered by many to be the definitive starting point of the Romantic Era.
The Romantics focus on landscape because of its natural essence and its spiritual composition. The Romantics aim at fighting for the masses and educating the public on how nature can be better treated and appreciated. They present the beauty and enjoyment of life in which they find themselves as imaginary and visionary. Wordsworth and Coleridge own most of their poetic resources and characters to nature as they both strongly believe in the power of nature that brings all that is good to life.
It covers a range of developments in art, literature, music and philosophy, spanning the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In England, the Romantic poets were at the very heart of this movement. They were inspired by a desire for liberty, and they denounced the exploitation of the poor.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge is often discussed in association with his peer, William Wordsworth. Samuel Taylor Coleridge has a poetic diction unlike that of William Wordsworth, he relies more heavily on imagination for poetic inspiration, and he also incorporates religion into his poetry differently. Their first meeting occurred in atBristol during a political debate. Their friendship truly began to flourish when Coleridge visited Wordsworth in March of at Racedown, and after that visit the two had a much closer relationship and communicated with one another regularly.
Romanticism originated in the second half of the 18th century at the same time as the French Revolution. There are many signs of these effects of the French Revolution in various pieces of Romantic literature. By examining the influence of the French Revolution, one can determine that Romanticism arose as a reaction to the French Revolution. Instead of searching for rules governing nature and human beings, the romantics searched for a direct communication with nature and treated humans as unique individuals not subject to scientific rules.
William Wordsworth — produced some of the greatest English poems of the late s and early s. William Wordsworth grew up in the Lake District of northern England. Wordsworth was born in the Lake District of northern England , the second of five children of a modestly prosperous estate manager. He lost his mother when he was 7 and his father when he was 13, upon which the orphan boys were sent off by guardian uncles to a grammar school at Hawkshead, a village in the heart of the Lake District. At Hawkshead Wordsworth received an excellent education in classics, literature , and mathematics, but the chief advantage to him there was the chance to indulge in the boyhood pleasures of living and playing in the outdoors.
Turner, Watercolor of the ruined chapter House at Kirkshall Abbey. Viewers are moved and often made happy by the beautiful, but they are overwhelmed, awe-struck, and sometimes terrified by the sublime. Water, water, every where, And all the boards did shrink; Water, water, every where, Nor any drop to drink. Keats was the son of a liveryman, and thoroughly working class, not the sort expected to have poetic aspirations.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge is the premier poet-critic of modern English tradition, distinguished for the scope and influence of his thinking about literature as much as for his innovative verse. Active in the wake of the French Revolution as a dissenting pamphleteer and lay preacher, he inspired a brilliant generation of writers and attracted the patronage of progressive men of the rising middle class. His poems of this period, speculative, meditative, and strangely oracular, put off early readers but survived the doubts of Wordsworth and Robert Southey to become recognized classics of the romantic idiom.
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